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 Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality

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Spellarella
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PostSubject: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Fri May 27, 2011 5:58 am


Internet service providers (ISPs) should not alter online traffic to serve faster access to content produced by companies that have helped to pay for better connectivity, draft principles into the governance of internet freedoms say.



European internet users are entitled to access to the whole internet in all but exceptional circumstances, the body behind EU human rights law has said. The Council of Europe has backed net neutrality as a fundamental principle.

The Council of Europe (CoE) promotes collaborative legal standards in the areas of human rights between all European countries. It has 47 member countries and is separate from the European Union (EU). The CoE creates and recommends legal measures. It is then up to individual Governments around the world whether to follow the CoE advice.

The CoE has produced draft principles on the governance of the internet and has said that ISPs should not prioritise content from companies that have paid them. The draft plans say that this would restrict the material that users could access and that the move could breach freedom of expression laws.

"Users should have the greatest possible access to Internet-based content, applications and services of their choice, whether or not they are offered free of charge, using suitable devices of their choice," said the CoE draft Internet Governance Principles say (5-page / 75KB PDF).

"Any traffic management measure or privilege should be nondiscriminatory, justified by overriding public interest, and must meet the requirements of international law on the protection of freedom of expression and access to information," the principles said.

The net neutrality debate has been most lively in the US, where telecoms companies have said that content producers should share the cost of network building and maintenance.

Opponents of that view claim that subscribers' fees to ISPs should buy them access to all information equally, not to a service in which some is prioritised because of deals between ISPs and content producers.

US regulators voted in December to create new rules governing net neutrality that included allowing companies to pay for a faster service. Congress will decide whether to include the new rules in law.

The CoE published 10 draft principles at its conference in April in an attempt to create a "soft-law framework" for countries to adopt on how to ensure Internet users' freedoms are upheld.

Human rights, democracy and the rule of law should be upheld when countries regulate the internet, the CoE draft says.

"Fundamental rights and freedoms should be upheld in the design of new technologies, services and applications. All stakeholders should be aware of developments leading to the enhancement of, as well as threats to, fundamental rights and freedoms, and fully participate in efforts aimed at recognising newly-emerging rights," the CoE's draft Internet Governance Principles said.

Internet users should be "fully empowered to exercise their fundamental rights and freedoms" even if mechanisms exist to regulate the net, the draft principles said.

Countries have a responsibility not to create an internet policy that could harm someone outwith their own territory, or impede cross-border internet traffic, the principles said. Internet regulation should comply with the law and international obligations, the draft principles said.

"Any national decision or action amounting to a restriction to fundamental rights should comply with international obligations and, in particular, be based on law, necessary in a democratic society, and fully respect the principles of proportionality and right of independent appeal surrounded by appropriate legal safeguards," the CoE draft principles said.

Trust in the internet can be preserved by involving a number of different organisations and people in helping to shape governance, and Governments should not get involved in the day-to-day management of the internet, the CoE said.

"The private sector should retain its leading role in technical and operational matters while ensuring transparency and accountability to the global community for those actions which impact on public policy," the draft said.

The CoE draft report said Governments, the private sector, the public and technical experts should be involved in the development and implementation of internet regulation and that developing a common approach to internet policies would help all countries participate in governing the internet.

The internet's "openness, interoperability and end-to-end nature" should guide internet regulation and if preserved should also help "creating unnecessary burdens which could affect the potential for innovation in respect of technologies and services," the draft said.

Internet policies should be guided by the aim of preserving culture and language difference and fostering local content, the CoE said.

"Our goal should be to have maximum rights with a minimum of regulations and a necessary safety on the net," Thorbjorn Jagland, Secretary General of the Council of Europe said in a video that played at the CoE conference last month.

The Council of Europe Internet Governance Principles DOCUMENT LINK
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Sat May 28, 2011 1:31 pm

I agree wholeheartedly with the principal. however in certain extreme cases , such as pédophilie, racial hatred, condonning and promoting terroirist acts should be stopped and such sites closed and the owners placed in the hands of the law.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Fri Jun 03, 2011 8:38 am

A certain police presence should be applied but with clear drawn lines so not to step in when it feels like it. As happens now.

Then again freedom of speech raises the question is freedom of speechor expression totally free to do or has it infact got constraints placed on it?
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 10:16 am

I agree with you Gris Gris , a line should be drawn . But there again what side of the line would you put torrent file sharing ? In with the pédophiles or on the free side ? As certain people think that file sharing is illegal and should be punished .
Freedom of speech can be considered the same as freedom of movement . When does one or the other contravene the law ? In which case , the pédophiles have a legal right to express their sexual deviance even though by doing so , they hurt and destroy lives . I feel that when this freedom of speech or expression goes against the general social fiber and in doing so can bring about pain and the supression of life, then it should be forbidden. there again , you could say that if you do not want to read or hear it then there should be an auto-censure , like with the television . If you do not like the film or programme , then you either change channels or swith the tele off.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 10:26 am

A said proverb: the freedom of each stops where that of the other one begins.

It is exactly what what should take place everywhere.

un proverbe dit : la liberté de chacun s'arrête où celle de l'autre commence.

C'est exactement ce qui devrait se passer partout.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 10:35 am

Certes Luthien , mais la liberté d'expression ne peut pas être utilisé pour faire passer des messages d'haine ou de déviance sexuelle ni de les promouvoir.
Certainly Luthien, But the freedom of expression or speech can not be used to pass on messages of hate or sexuel deviance nor to promote them.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 10:42 am

I completely agree with you Inuit, especially when it is about child.

je suis tout à fait d'accord avec toi Inuit, surtout lorsqu'il s'agit d'enfant.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 11:17 am

Toujours est-il que la liberté d'expression doit exister sinon le pays se trouve sous la prise d' un dictate qui exige et contrôle la façon de penser de tout et chacun.
however the freedom of expression must exist otherwise the country finds itself under the thumb of a dictatorship which exiges and controls the way everyone thinks.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 12:11 pm

Vast subject but it is necessary to keep a cool head and not to confuse.

1 - YES there should be a surveillance on the NET to fight sites with sexual, racist, terrorist character, etc.... AND their subscribers.

2 - This surveillance has to allow on no account the governments to watch people who have nothing to blame and even less for controlling their lives.

Difficult to set up such a logistics and even more to prevent the drift of some "generals" as our " national dwarf " in France.

HADOPI is a French invention which, it is imperative to call back (to remind) it, is unconstitutional with regard to the European laws.

For what the European States wait to condemn Sarkozy?

Why to have spent 700 millions Euros on the similar shit?

Would not this money have been able to be better used?

We Frenchman (French people), are the laughing stock of the European Community!
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 3:06 pm

inuit wrote:
you could say that if you do not want to read or hear it then there should be an auto-censure , like with the television . If you do not like the film or programme , then you either change channels or swith the tele off.

That is a fair point that is sadly very rarily used. how many times have seen people rise to the bait of others and then beseetch others to stop the baiter. Wheras the simplistic option is to ignore them, turn the Tv over or switch the radio off. It seems to me some enjoy whining too much to use their common sense.

As with pedo's. There crime is one of sexual nature. Torrent or filesharers only ccrime is to indulge in a basic human emotion- sharing. The crime there is the greed of those who say sharing it wrong.


C'est un bon point qui est malheureusement très temporairement utilisé. combien de fois ont observé une augmentation des personnes à l'appât des autres et puis beseetch les autres à arrêter la Baiter. Considérant que l'option simpliste est de les ignorer, éteignez le téléviseur ou plus éteindre la radio. Il me semble que certains jouissent plaindre trop d'utiliser leur bon sens.

Comme avec les pédo. Il ya un crime de nature sexuelle. Torrent ou filesharers seulement ccrime est de se livrer à une émotion de base de l'homme de partage. Le crime est l'avidité de ceux qui disent le partage dans l'erreur.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 3:32 pm

I'm OK with you Gris Gris, the worse thing is that many people just think about money to have the power.
Even if it is in depend on the others...

It is for that reason that I hate the selfish men(women) and the conceited which think of being above the others. They are only imbecile!
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Tue Jun 07, 2011 4:06 pm

Sad fact of society on the whole Gwaedin and I agree with you. . Probably this power,money craze western ideal is the main item is made to be one of those goals you have to achieve and hold on to. Wheras common sense, manners and co-operatin should be the ideal set.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Wed Jun 08, 2011 2:08 am

I agree with you... But there's a lot of work to do all around the world !
To change the mentalities is not easy... sad
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Wed Jun 08, 2011 12:02 pm

The haves will always lay down the law to the have nots. Then when the have nots become haves, they then lay down the law in their turn.
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Thu Jun 09, 2011 7:14 am

It is regrettably human
c'est malheureusement humain
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PostSubject: Re: Council of Europe hoping to maintain net neutrality   Thu Jun 09, 2011 9:13 am

And so the wheel turns. This would be the same with the European Council, they possibly have been told to shut up a few times and it is their way of getting their own back.
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